The increasing crop production costs force to search for alternative cultivation methods of particular crop species, which would reduce production costs and obtain higher income at similar yield. The objective of the research was to evaluate the economic efficiency of maize production for grain. The scope of research covered a simplified and traditional technology of maize cultivation for grain. Maize production costs and costs of fuel, human work, materials and raw materials as well as operation of machines and tools used in the investigated technologies, were calculated. Revenue and income from maize production in the investigated farms were determined. The research, which was carried out, shows that a higher value of the economic efficiency ratio was obtained in the simplified technology of production, where it was at the average of 2.06. Whereas, in the traditional technology, average value of the evaluated ratio was 1.91.