Analysis of physical properties of plant biomass briquettes was presented. Wheat, maize and rapeseed straw, grain mixture and meadow hay were used for production of briquettes. The researched plant raw materials were ground with the use of a drum straw-cutter driven with an electric motor of 7.5kW capacity. Theoretical length of cutting plant materials was 20mm. Moisture and calorific value analysis of materials as well as bulk density and mechanical strength of pellets were carried out according to valid standards. Moisture of raw materials in a fresh state was 16-20% for rapeseed straw to 35–55% for maize straw while in a dry state respectively 11–13% to 13–15%. The average calorific value for the researched plant materials was between 16.1 to 17.2MJ·kg-1. For production of briquettes a screw briquetting machine JW-08 with a heated compression chamber was used. Bulk density and mechanical strength of briquettes depended on the type of the used material and temperature in the compression chamber of a briquetting machine. The lowest bulk density of briquettes was within 505–734kg∙m-3 for meadow hay and the highest was 643–827kg∙m-3 for maize straw at the temperature of the compression chamber 200 and 250°C. While mechanical strength was between respectively 50 to 75% for meadow hay and from 69 to 94% for maize straw for the accepted temperatures of the compression chamber of a briquetting machine.